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Learn about the conditions that causes the most common and serious cardiac murmurs
Aortic valve stenosis is a narrowing or obstruction of the aortic valve, hindering blood flow from the left ventricle to the ascending aorta during systole.
Aortic regurgitation is also known as aortic insufficiency and causes blood to flow in the reverse direction during diastole - from the aorta into the left ventricle.
Mitral regurgitation is the abnormal leaking of blood through the mitral valve, from the left ventricle into the left atrium.
Ventricular septal defect
Ventricular septal defect is a defect in the septum dividing the left and right ventricles, causing blood to flow into the right ventricle during systole.
Pericarditis is an inflammation of the pericardium and is usually a complication of viral infections.
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